Published on Wednesday, May 23, 2007 by ABC News
Bush Authorizes New Covert Action Against Iran
by Brian Ross / Richard Esposito

http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2007/05/23/1381/
The CIA has received secret presidential approval to mount a covert "black"
operation to destabilize the Iranian government, current and former
officials in the intelligence community tell the Blotter on ABCNews.com.

The sources, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the
sensitive nature of the subject, say President Bush has signed a "nonlethal
presidential finding" that puts into motion a CIA plan that reportedly
includes a coordinated campaign of propaganda, disinformation and
manipulation of Iran's currency and international financial transactions.

"I can't confirm or deny whether such a program exists or whether the
president signed it, but it would be consistent with an overall American
approach trying to find ways to put pressure on the regime," said Bruce
Riedel, a recently retired CIA senior official who dealt with Iran and other
countries in the region.

A National Security Council spokesperson, Gordon Johndroe, said, "The White
House does not comment on intelligence matters." A CIA spokesperson said,
"As a matter of course, we do not comment on allegations of covert
activity."

The sources say the CIA developed the covert plan over the last year and
received approval from White House officials and other officials in the
intelligence community.

Officials say the covert plan is designed to pressure Iran to stop its
nuclear enrichment program and end aid to insurgents in Iraq.

"There are some channels where the United States government may want to do
things without its hand showing, and legally, therefore, the administration
would, if it's doing that, need an intelligence finding and would need to
tell the Congress," said ABC News consultant Richard Clarke, a former White
House counterterrorism official.

Current and former intelligence officials say the approval of the covert
action means the Bush administration, for the time being, has decided not to
pursue a military option against Iran.

"Vice President Cheney helped to lead the side favoring a military strike,"
said former CIA official Riedel, "but I think they have come to the
conclusion that a military strike has more downsides than upsides."

The covert action plan comes as U.S. officials have confirmed Iran had
dramatically increased its ability to produce nuclear weapons material, at a
pace that experts said would give them the ability to build a nuclear bomb
in two years.

Riedel says economic pressure on Iran may be the most effective tool
available to the CIA, particularly in going after secret accounts used to
fund the nuclear program.

"The kind of dealings that the Iranian Revolution Guards are going to do, in
terms of purchasing nuclear and missile components, are likely to be
extremely secret, and you're going to have to work very, very hard to find
them, and that's exactly the kind of thing the CIA's nonproliferation center
and others would be expert at trying to look into," Riedel said.

Under the law, the CIA needs an official presidential finding to carry out
such covert actions. The CIA is permitted to mount covert "collection"
operations without a presidential finding.

"Presidential findings" are kept secret but reported to the Senate Select
Committee on Intelligence, the House Permanent Select Committee on
Intelligence and other key congressional leaders.

The "nonlethal" aspect of the presidential finding means CIA officers may
not use deadly force in carrying out the secret operations against Iran.

Still, some fear that even a nonlethal covert CIA program carries great
risks.

"I think everybody in the region knows that there is a proxy war already
afoot with the United States supporting anti-Iranian elements in the region
as well as opposition groups within Iran," said Vali Nasr, adjunct senior
fellow for Mideast studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

"And this covert action is now being escalated by the new U.S. directive,
and that can very quickly lead to Iranian retaliation and a cycle of
escalation can follow," Nasr said.

Other "lethal" findings have authorized CIA covert actions against al Qaeda,
terrorism and nuclear proliferation.

Also briefed on the CIA proposal, according to intelligence sources, were
National Security Advisor Steve Hadley and Deputy National Security Advisor
Elliott Abrams.

"The entire plan has been blessed by Abrams, in particular," said one
intelligence source familiar with the plan. "And Hadley had to put his chop
on it."

Abrams' last involvement with attempting to destabilize a foreign government
led to criminal charges.

He pleaded guilty in October 1991 to two misdemeanor counts of withholding
information from Congress about the Reagan administration's ill-fated
efforts to destabilize the Nicaraguan Sandinista government in Central
America
, known as the Iran-Contra affair. Abrams was later pardoned by
President George H. W. Bush in December 1992.

In June 2001, Abrams was named by then National Security Advisor Condoleezza
Rice to head the National Security Council's office for democracy, human
rights and international operations. On Feb. 2, 2005, National Security
Advisor Hadley appointed Abrams deputy assistant to the president and deputy
national security advisor for global democracy strategy, one of the nation's
most senior national security positions.

As earlier reported on the Blotter on ABCNews.com, the United States has
supported and encouraged an Iranian militant group, Jundullah, that has
conducted deadly raids inside Iran from bases on the rugged
Iran-Pakistan-Afghanistan
"tri-border region."

U.S. officials deny any "direct funding" of Jundullah groups but say the
leader of Jundullah was in regular contact with U.S. officials.

American intelligence sources say Jundullah has received money and weapons
through the Afghanistan and Pakistan military and Pakistan's intelligence
service. Pakistan has officially denied any connection.

A report broadcast on Iranian TV last Sunday said Iranian authorities had
captured 10 men crossing the border with $500,000 in cash along with "maps
of sensitive areas" and "modern spy equipment."

A senior Pakistani official told ABCNews.com the 10 men were members of
Jundullah.

The leader of the Jundullah group, according to the Pakistani official, has
been recruiting and training "hundreds of men" for "unspecified missions"
across the border in Iran.